. Even though life expectancy in Russia is steadily growing at a high pace (~0.5 year annually) reaching all-time record highs every year,[6] it is still not enough for recovery due to the distorted wave-like age structure of the population. The Palace boasts a remarkable array of 64 decorative fountains, including a spectacular sculpture of Samson prying open the jaws of a lion as water cascades down terraced steps in the background.

In ice-free areas, land cover is pale brown, typical of tundra. .

Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Only 3 million or less than half of all the immigrants are legal. This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: agricultural land, forest, and other; agricultural land is further divided into arable land - land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice that are replanted after each harvest, permanent crops - land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest, and includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, and permane . 1%), Baptists, Pentecostals, Lutherans and other Protestant churches (together totalling about 0.5% of the population) and Old Believers. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows.

Of these federal subjects, four have an ethnic Russian majority (Altai, Evenk, Ust-Orda and Nenets). As fertility leve . This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours.

This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. To the ancient Greeks and Persians, the lake's immense size suggested it was an ocean, hence its name. . This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. [25][26] In 2018, the UN claimed that Russia's population could fall to 132 million by 2050. .

The most up-to-date CIA news, press releases, information and more. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The monument - the tallest of its kind in the world - is 47.5 m (156 ft) high and weighs some 600 tons. Rapid population growth can be seen as . Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). Low-level stratus clouds approach Matua Island from the east, wrapping around the lower slopes of the volcano. Likewise, the fertility rate rose from its lowest point of 1.157 in 1999 to 1.777 in 2015. collection mission, there are many ways to reach us.

This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries.

Your diverse skills. Tajikistan 80,000 migrant workers, 220 settled permanently.

This labyrinth of exotic features is present along the edge of the Chaunskaya Bay (vivid blue half circle) in northeastern Siberia. .  Georgia: 12,100 This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. The assimilation is reflected in the high median age of these peoples (see the table below), as assimilation is stronger among young people than among old people. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. A minor eruption of ash following an earthquake occurred on this part of the island in 1952. Russia’s northernmost territory, Franz Josef Land, is an archipelago of 191 islands in the northeastern Barents Sea.  Kazakhstan: 28,100 A large expanse of clear sky permitted this natural-color satellite image of the entire water body. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi . This entry has three subfields. [citation needed] Violence, tolerance for risk together with alcoholism reduce the Russian male lifespan. . Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement.  Uzbekistan: 131,100 This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the number of subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 20:00. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. By the middle of the century it is possible that more than a third of the population will be over 60, similar to modern Japan. Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions. Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. The clouds are generated by moisture-laden air passing over the cool sea/ocean water, and they typically wrap around the volcanic islands. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. .

. By 2010, due to Jewish emigration, their number fell as low as 158,000. However, in 2011, the Armenian province of Qashatagh overtook it (28.9 vs 29.3 per 1.000).[77]. David Stuckler, Lawrence King, and Martin McKee propose mass privatization and the neo-liberalist shock therapy policies of Yeltsin administration as key reasons of falling life expectancy of Russian men. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. Experts were puzzled in 2015 when a sharp increase in deaths coincided with a sharp increase in life expectancy. Most of them work in the construction, cleaning and in the household industries.

The most noticeable trend in the past couple of decades is the convergence of birth rates between minorities (including Muslim minorities) and the Russian majority. Since 1992, natural growth in Russia has been negative and the numbers of all peoples of European Russia were lower in 2010 than in 2002, the only exceptions being the Roma (due to high fertility rates) and the Gagauz (due to high levels of migration from Moldova to Russia). Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. The figures for 2013–2015 again showed around 1.9 million births, about the same as in 2012, but because the number of women of childbearing age is dropping, especially for those in their early 20s, the TFR actually rose to 1.777, which places Russia at first 9 or 10 countries out of 50 developed nations, and at 6th place in Europe. Demographics of Russia is extremely abnormal.

Washington, D.C. 20505.

Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e.g., the .

While radio signals on 1G networks are analog, radio signals on 2G networks are digital.

They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. . Both were rebuilt between 1994 and 1996. . . [15] As of 2018, the total fertility rate (TFR) across Russia was estimated to be 1.58 born per woman,[7] one of the lowest fertility rates in the world,[16] below the replacement rate of 2.1, and considerably below the high of 7.44 children born per woman in 1908. Clouds fringe this natural-color scene, like curtains held back from a window. note: the colors may have been based on those of the Dutch flag; despite many popular interpretations, there is no official meaning assigned to the colors of the Russian flag; this flag inspired several other Slav countries to adopt horizontal tricolors of the same colors but in different arrangements, and so red, blue, and white became the Pan-Slav colors.


[45] Introduced in April 2014 new citizenship rules[46] allowing citizens of former Soviet countries to obtain Russian citizenship If they meet certain criteria (e.g. Founded in 1524 to commemorate the capture of Smolensk from Lithuania, it became a convent for ladies of noble birth and was also used for a prison for female royals. The percent of population with Internet access (i.e., the penetration rate) helps gauge how widespread Internet use is within a country. Depending on what you provide, we may offer you compensation. This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country. Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or . Population Research and Policy Review, 2000, 19: 397–419. The absolute numbers of most of these peoples reached its highest level in the beginning of the 1990s. We compare odd and strange demographics: Population pyramid of Russia and Europe. Both economic growth and reform have stalled in recent years, however, and Russia remains a predominantly statist economy with a high concentration of wealth in officials' hands. The Alexander Column is a focal point of Palace Square in Saint Petersburg (part of the Winter Palace appears in the background). We present … North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean, ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast, broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions, wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, bauxite, reserves of rare earth elements, timber, note, formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources, population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south, air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; nuclear waste disposal; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides, Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%, Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%, Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.).